Reasons for the disappearance of the Gagauz in the caucasus
Ali Shamil Huseyinoglu
The International relations advisorof Institute of Folklore of ANAS,
Abstract: The Gagauzians are one of the nations being on their way to assimilation though they have schools, tekt-books, newspapers, journals, radio and TV stations, universities in their own language and get educated in mother tongue. As the result of assimilation policy during Russian occupation most of the people living in the cities or in the regions where other nations as well resided or the ones who were forced to settle in any region of the old Soviets speak Russian. The young Gagauzian generation who live in the Republic of Kazakhstan, North Caucasus, Bulgaria, Romania, Greece, Turkey and America speak their mother language. The children of the Gagauzians who were ekiled during the years 1946-48 or who came to Azerbaijan to escape famine have almost lost their mother language. As a result of Russian assimilation policy they had to communicate with the local people of Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan,Uzbekistan in Russian. However they belonged to the same language group. The sources denote that the Gagauzians had been living in the North Caucasus long before the ekile and migration of 1946-48s. Later sources provide us with little information about their fate. The Caucasus still reminds of the museum of languages, nations and ethnic groups. Every morning a radio station in the Republic of Dagestan which belongs to Russian Federation greets the nations and ethnic groups in 32 languages and dialects. The number of nations and ethnic groups living in the region was prevailing in the Middle Ages. As the times passed some of the nations and ethnic groups ekterminated. One of such nations is the Gagauzians. Though they ekterminated they live in the toponyms, hydronimes and on people’s memories.
Key words: Gagauzians in Azerbaijan, Caucasian nations, Pir of Komrat baba, Bucak communities and villages.